Something that bothers me a lot is the mismanagement of garbage in Delhi. Toe start with, we have overflowing garbage bins, clogged drains and then we have people who lack civic sense and add up to this problem by spitting on roads, littering and urinating in public places. The disposal of biological wastes are also a concern here. To counter all this we have to make a strategy. The points that I have thought of would not only help us organize the mess but also give employment opportunities. Lets take the points one by one:-
1. Privatisation: Though MCD and NDMC are the municipal bodies involved in waste disposal in Delhi, Privatisation would help us better. As this would lead to sharing of responsibility there by yielding better results. We can engage NGO’s or Private operators for waste disposal staring from allocating dustbins after every 1/2 km on main roads so that people don’t throw garbage on roads or clog drains. Many people are forced to throw the trash on roads not because it is their habit but because they do not find any trash can to use, this results in clogged drains which leads to water logging during monsoon creating traffic jams and other accidents.
2. Allocation of Dustbins: it is all the more important to allocate areas for dustbins areas with denser population. After this comes the segregation of dry and wet garbage which can be easily done by placing dustbins with 2 sections and “Wet” and “Dry” written on them in Hindi or the local language.
3. Clearing of Dustbins: Next step to it would be clearing the bins on an daily basis. And while doing so it is important that people engaged in it are given proper safety instruction on garbage management. People cleaning the drains , manholes should be properly geared with appropriate gadgets and clothing lest they die of suffocation or poisoning inside the drains. Training can be imparted to them by MCD and NDMC, which would also keep a check and supervise these people or agencies.
4. Role of government: After clearing of drains and waste bins, it is important to dispose the waste properly. Hence, the government should allocate waste land areas. Hospitals should be given incinerators and the government should maintain proper check on the Hospitals using them correctly. The government can also engage experts who can help us reduce or utilize industrial wastes and re-cycling them. Paid toilets should be constructed in public areas and where it is not feasible, Mobile toilets can be of help to deter people from urinating or defecating in public places. Fines should be implemented in practice which would again act as deterrent for the stubborn heads.
5. Awareness: Finally the general public should be educated about basic hygiene and the proper disposal of wastes, re-cycling so that every one can co-operate in this movement. The government can take help from NGO’s, schools for this purpose.
The above points are very basic and would not involve much investment. It is just a matter of willingness from the government and from the general public. This program would help us reduce waste, pollution, health hazards
and other problems associated with it. If implemented properly, it would create employment there by giving quality life to many and would lead to general awareness and a sense of belonging for the city.